After the first Queen’s Speech of the new Conservative Government, please see some of the key proposed bills below:

Childcare Bill

There are proposed changes to increased the provision of free childcare from the present 15 hours per week to 30 hours per week, for each child, of free childcare for parents with children aged three- and four-year-olds, for 38 weeks of the year. This is to be introduced by 2017.

Taxation Bill

The Conservative party made a series of promises as part of their election campaign and manifesto and this bill intends on implementing those promises including:
• a direct pledge that “no one working 30 hours on the minimum wage pays any income tax at all”;
• that income tax rates, VAT or national insurance will not increase before 2020; and
• the personal allowance for income tax will be raised to £12,500.

‘Full Employment and Welfare Benefits’ Bill

The Governments stated aim is to obtain ‘full employment’ for those able and wanting to work. This bill is aimed at achieving this and will include provisions for:
• a further reduction in the ‘welfare cap’ from £26,000 to £23,000;
• the creation of three million new apprenticeships
• targets for ministers to achieve in their respective departments that they will have to report annually to Parliament in order to measure their progress;
• freezing working-age benefits, tax credit and child benefit for the next two years; and
• a requirement that young people will have to “earn or learn” and will not be automatically entitled to housing benefit for 18-21-year-olds.

Enterprise Bill

As part of the Conservative promise to ‘reduce red tape’ this bill is being introduced to reduce the burden of regulation on small business. The Government hope that a side effect will be increased jobs in those businesses. Furthermore a new Small Business Conciliation Service is being set up to help settle disputes between small and large businesses and no doubt this will have an impact of dealing with agencies etc.

This bill also seems to sneak in a provision that caps public sector redundancy payments to less that £1,000,000 for the highest earners.

Trade Union Bill

There is a proposal to ensure a minimum of a 50{ba3215b0bf35eaeb06be458b3396ffbfc50bb9db10c9ff1594dfc3875e90ea48} turnout of those entitled to vote for a union strike ballot to be permissible. Furthermore at least 40{ba3215b0bf35eaeb06be458b3396ffbfc50bb9db10c9ff1594dfc3875e90ea48} of those entitled to vote must back action in ‘essential public services’ such as health, education, fire and transport. There will also be time limits for the strike to take place after a ballot for industrial action.

Although there is no mention of the proposed amendments to the Human Rights Act which, it is believed, will be consulted on during this Parliament for implementation over the next few years.